Publications

I. Books

De la couleur des lois: Histoire juridique du racisme au Canada, 1900-1950 (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2010), pp. 576.

The Promise and Perils of Law: Lawyers in Canadian History (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2009), co-edited with W. Wesley Pue, pp. 305.

Carnal Crimes: Sexual Assault Law in Canada, 1900-1975 (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2008), pp.445. The Laskin Legacy: Essays in Commemoration of Chief Justice Bora Laskin (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2007), co-edited with Neil Finkelstein, pp.219.

   The Heiress versus the Establishment: Mrs. Campbell’s Campaign for Legal Justice (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2004), co-authored with Nancy L. Backhouse, pp.321.   People and Place: Historical Influences on Legal Culture (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2003), co-edited with Jonathan Swainger, pp. 232.
 
Colour-Coded: A Legal History of Racism in Canada, 1900-1950 (Toronto: The Osgoode Society and University of Toronto Press, 1999), pp.485. Breaking Anonymity: The Chilly Climate for Women Faculty (Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1995), co-edited with members of the Chilly Collective, pp. 390.

Challenging Times: The Women's Movement in Canada and the United States (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's Press, 1992), co-edited with David H. Flaherty, pp.335. Petticoats and Prejudice: Women and Law in Nineteenth-Century Canada (Toronto: Women's Press/Osgoode Society, 1991), pp.467.  The Secret Oppression: Sexual Harassment of Working Women (Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1979), co-authored with Leah Cohen, pp.208.

II. Scholarly Articles

“A Feminist Remedy for Sexual Assault: A Quest for Answers,” Elizabeth Sheehy ed. Sexual Assault Law, Practice, and Activism in a Post Jane Doe Era (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2012) at 725-39.

 “Sexual Assault and Disability: Saskatchewan, 1942” in Mona Gleason, Adele Perry and Tamara Myers eds. Rethinking Canada 6th ed. (Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press, 2010) at 214-39.

“Anti-Semitism and the Law in Québec City: The Plamondon Case, 1910-15” in Daniel W. Hamilton and Alfred L. Brophy, eds. Transformations in American Legal History – Law, Ideology, and Methods; Essays in Honor of Morton J. Horwitz (Cambridge: Harvard Law School, 2010) at 303-25.

“’Bitterly Disappointed’ at the Spread of ‘Colour-Bar Tactics’: Viola Desmond’s Challenge to Racial Segregation, Nova Scotia, 1946” in Nick Larsen and Brian Burtch Law in Society: Canadian Readings (Toronto: Nelson, 2010) at 108-47.

“The ‘Approved’ Common Law Degree” Canadian Legal Education Annual Review (Toronto: Carswell, 2009) at 141-9.

“ ‘A Revolution in Numbers’: Ontario Feminist Lawyers from the 1970s to the 1990s” in Constance Backhouse and W. Wesley Pue eds. Essays in the History of the Canadian Legal Profession (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2009) 265-94.

“History Will Judge” in T. Brettel Dawson, ed. Women, Law and Social Change 5th ed. (Concord, ON: Captus Press, 2009) 24-27.

“Justice Bertha Wilson and the Politics of Feminism” in Jamie Cameron ed. Reflections on the Legacy of Justice Bertha Wilson (Markham, Ontario: LexisNexis, 2008) 33-52.

“Rape in the House of Commons: The Prosecution of Louis Auger, Ottawa, 1929” in Jim Phillips, R. Roy McMurtry and John T. Saywell, eds. Essays in the History of Canadian Law Volume 10: A Tribute to Peter Oliver (Toronto: Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History and the University of Toronto Press, 2008) 33-66.

“Remembering Favourite Feminist Legal Scholarship” with the “Among Friends Collective” Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 17:1 (2005) 243-70. “‘Pleasing Appearance...Only Adds to the Danger’: The 1930 Insanity Hearing of Violet Hypatia Bowyer” Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 17:1 (2005) 1-13.

"Clara Brett Martin" Biographical Entry in Dictionary of Canadian Biography vol.XV (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005) 710-11. 

“Legal Discrimination Against the Chinese in Canada: The Historical Framework” in David Dyzenhaus and Mayo Moran eds. Calling Power to Account: Law, Reparations, and the Chinese Canadian Head Tax Case (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005) 24-59. 

“What is Access to Justice?” in Julia Bass, W.A. Bogart and Frederick H. Zemans eds. Access to Justice for a New Century: The Way Forward (Toronto: Law Society of Upper Canada, 2005) 113-46.
“The Chilly Climate for Women Judges: Reflections on the Ewanchuk Decision” Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 15:1 (2003) 167-93 - this volume was not released until July 2004.

Republished in Marie-Claire Belleau and François Lacasse eds. Claire L’Heureux-Dubé à la Court suprême du Canada 1987-2002 (Montreal: Wilson & Lafleur, 2004) 521-47.

“Viola Desmond” in Gerald Hallowell ed. The Oxford Companion to Canadian History (Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2004) 179.

“White Women’s Labour Laws” in Gerald Hallowell ed. The Oxford Companion to Canadian History (Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2004) 662.

“Don’t You Bully Me...Justice I Want If There Is Justice to be Had: The Rape of Mary Ann Burton, London, Ontario, 1907" in Jonathan Swainger and Constance Backhouse eds. People and Place: Historical Influences on Legal Culture (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2003) 60-94.
“Revisiting the Arthurs Report Twenty Years Later” Canadian Journal of Law and Society 18:1 (2003) 33-44.

“Reflections on Feminist Activism within Two Distinct Universities: Timing and Location for Transformational Activities” Resources for Feminist Research/Documentation sur la Recherche Féministe 29:1 & 2 (2002) 117-24.
“Attentat à la dignité du Parlement: Viol dans l’enceinte de la Chambre des communes, Ottawa 1929" Ottawa Law Review  33:1 (2001-02) 95-145.  
“The Changing Landscape of Canadian Legal Education” Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice v.20 (2001) 25-34.  

“Canadian Mythologies About Race” Human Rights Research and Education Bulletin (Ottawa: University of Ottawa, Human Rights Research and Education Centre, December 2001) 1-4.

“‘Race’ definition run amuck: ‘slaying the dragon of Eskimo status’ before the Supreme Court of Canada, 1939" in Diane Kirkby and Catharine Coleborne eds. Law, history, colonialism: The reach of empire (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001) 65-77.  

“‘Race,’ gender and nation in history and law” co-authored with Ann Curthoys, Ian Duncanson and Ann Parsonson in Diane Kirkby and Catharine Coleborne eds. Law, history, colonialism: The reach of empire (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001) 277-300.  

“The Doctrine of Corroboration in Sexual Assault Trials in Early Twentieth Century Canada and Australia” Queen’s Law Journal 26:2 (Spring 2001) 297-338. Republished in Pierre Boyer, Linda Cardinal, and David Headon eds. From Subjects to Citizens: A Hundred Years of Citizenship in Australia and Canada (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2004) 123-50.  

“The Mother Factor in Australian Child Custody Law 1900-1950" Australian Journal of Legal History 6: 1 & 2 (2000) 51-111.   

“‘Her Protests Were Unavailing’: Australian Legal Understandings of Rape, Consent and Sexuality in the ‘Roaring Twenties’” Journal of Australian Studies n.64 (2000) 14-33.

“Skewering the Credibility of Women: A Reappraisal of Corroboration in Australian Legal History” University of Western Australia Law Review 29:1 (2000) 79-107.
"'Your Conscience will be Your Own Punishment': The Racially-Motivated Murder of Gus Ninham, London, Ontario, 1902" in G. Blaine Baker and Jim Phillips, eds. Essays in the History of Canadian Law in Honour of R.C.B. Risk (Toronto: The Osgoode Society, 1999) 61-114.
 
"Bias in Canadian Law: A Lop-Sided Precipice" Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 10:1 (1998) 170-83.   

"'I Was Unable to Identify with Topsy': Carrie M. Best's Struggle Against Racial Segregation in Nova Scotia, 1942" Atlantis 22:2 (Spring 1998) 16-26.
"Gretta Wong Grant: Canada's First Chinese-Canadian Female Lawyer" Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 15 (1996) 3-46.
"The White Women's Labor Laws: Anti-Chinese Racism in Early Twentieth-Century Canada" Law and History Review 14:2 (Fall 1996) 315-68.   

"The Shining Sixpence: Women's Worth in Canadian Law at the End of the Victorian Era" Manitoba Law Journal 23: 1-2 (1996) 556-73.

Republished in Chris McCormick and Len Green eds. Crime and Deviance in Canada: Historical Perspectives (Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press, 2005) at 107-23. 

"An Historical Perspective, Reflections on the Western Employment Equity Award" in Chilly Collective eds. Breaking Anonymity: The Chilly Climate for Women Faculty (Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1995) 61-95.
"The Chilly Climate for Faculty Women at Western: Postscript to the Backhouse Report" co-authored with Roma Harris, Gillian Michell and Alison Wylie in Chilly Collective eds. Breaking Anonymity: The Chilly Climate for Women Faculty (Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1995) 96-132.   
"Epilogue: The Remarkable Response to the Release of the Chilly Climate Report" co-authored with Gillian Michell in Chilly Collective eds. Breaking Anonymity: The Chilly Climate for Women Faculty (Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1995) 133-58.   "White Female Help and Chinese-Canadian Employers: Race, Class, Gender and Law in the Case of Yee Clun, 1924" Canadian Ethnic Studies XXVI:3 (1994) 34-52.    

Revised manuscript republished in Wendy Mitchinson et al. eds. Canadian Women: A Reader (Toronto: Harcourt, Brace, 1996) at 280-99.

Republished in Nick Laren and Brian Burtch Law in Society: Canadian Readings (Toronto: Harcourt Brace, 1999) at 3-22.

"Racial Segregation in Canadian Legal History: Viola Desmond's Challenge, Nova Scotia, 1946" Dalhousie Law Journal 17:2 (Fall 1994) 299-362.   
"Prosecutions of Abortions under Canadian Law 1900-1950" in Jim Phillips, Tina Loo and Susan Lewthwaite eds. Crime and Criminal Justice: Essays in the History of Canadian Law, Volume V (Toronto: The Osgoode Society, 1994) 252-92.  

"Esther Forsyth (Arscott; Barnes)" Dictionary of Canadian Biography XIII (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994) 352.

"Physicians, Abortions, and the Law in Early Twentieth-Century Ontario" Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 10 (1993) 229-49.
"Clara Brett Martin: Canadian Heroine or Not?" and "Response" Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 5:2 (1992) 263-79 and 351-4. "Married Women's Property Law in Nineteenth-Century Canada" in Bettina Bradbury, ed. Canadian Family History: Selected Readings (Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman, 1992) 320-59.

"The Celebrated Abortion Trial of Dr. Emily Stowe, Toronto 1879" Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 8 (1991) 159-87.  
"Women and the Law in Nineteenth-Century Canada" Canadian Legal History Working Paper Series (University of Manitoba, Faculty of Law, 1991)

"The Sayer Street Outrage: Gang Rape and Male Law in 19th-Century Toronto" Manitoba Law Journal 20 (1991) 46-68  

"Women Faculty at the University of Western Ontario: Reflections on the Employment Equity Award" Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 4:1 (1990) 36-65

"Married Women's Property Law in Nineteenth-Century Canada" Law and History Review 6 (1988) 211-257  

"Nineteenth Century Judicial Attitudes Toward Child Custody, Rape and Prostitution" in Sheilah L. Martin and Kathleen E. Mahoney, eds., Equality and Judicial Neutrality (Toronto: Carswell, 1987) 271-281

"Pure Patriarchy: Nineteenth-Century Canadian Marriage" McGill Law Journal 31 (1986) 264-312
“The Tort of Seduction: Fathers and Daughters in Nineteenth-Century Canada" Dalhousie Law Journal 10 (1986) 45-80 "Nineteenth-Century Canadian Prostitution Law: Reflection of a Discriminatory Society" Social History/Histoire sociale 18:36 (1985) 387-423.  
"To Open the Way for Others of My Sex: Clara Brett Martin's Career as Canada's First Woman Lawyer" Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 1 (1985) 1-41.  

"Desperate Women and Compassionate Courts: Nineteenth-Century Infanticide in Canada" University of Toronto Law Journal 34 (1984) 447-478.  

"Canadian Prostitution Law 1839-1972" Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women Prostitution in Canada (Ottawa, 1984) 7-18.

"A Comparative Study of Canadian and American Rape Law" co-authored with Lorna Schoenroth, Canada-U.S. Law Journal 7 (1984) 173-213.
"Involuntary Motherhood: Abortion, Birth Control and the Law in Nineteenth-Century Canada" Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 3 (1983) 61-130
"Nineteenth-Century Canadian Rape Law 1800-1892" in David H. Flaherty, ed. Essays in the History of Canadian Law v.2, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983) 200-247.

"Shifting Patterns in Nineteenth-Century Canadian Custody Law" in David H. Flaherty, ed. Essays in the History of Canadian Law v.1 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981) 212-248.

"Bell v. Flaming Steer Steak House Tavern: Canada's First Sexual Harassment Decision" University of Western Ontario Law Review 19 (1981) 141-151.
"The Fleck Strike: A Case Study in the Need for First Contract Arbitration" Osgoode Hall Law Journal 18 (1980) 495-553.
"Labour Unions and Anti-Combines Policy" Osgoode Hall Law Journal 14 (1976) 113-160.

III. Book Reviews

Jean McKenzie Leiper Bar Codes: Women in the Legal Profession (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2006) Histoire Sociale/Social History 40:80 (November 2007) at 455-7.

Roberta Hamilton Setting the Agenda: Jean Royce and the Shaping of Queen’s University (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002) Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology (2005) posted January 2005. http://www.csaa.ca/BookReview/ReviewsList.htm

Susan M. Sterett Public Pensions: Gender and Civic Service in the States, 1850-1937 (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2003) reviewed in Labour/Le Travail v.54 (Fall 2004) at 311-13.

Ellen Anderson Judging Bertha Wilson: Law As Large As Life (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001) reviewed in Labour/Le Travail v.51 (Spring 2003) 295-7.

Tamara Myers, Kate Boyer, Mary Anne Poutanen and Steven Watt eds., Power, Place and Identity: Historical Studies of Social and Legal Regulation in Quebec (McGill University, Montreal History Group, 1998) reviewed in Labour/Le Travail v.43 (Spring 1999) 231-3.

Louis A. Knafla and Susan W.S. Binnie, eds. Law, Society and the State: Essays in Modern Legal History reviewed in Law and History Review 16:1 (Spring 1998) 180-83.

Peggy Bristow, Dionne Brand, Linda Carty, Afua P. Cooper, Sylvia Hamilton, Adrienne Shadd (eds) "We're Rooted Here and They Can't Pull Us Up": Essays in African Canadian Women's History (Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 1994) Gender & History 10:1 (April 1998) 169-71.

Diana E.H. Russell Against Pornography: The Evidence of Harm (Berkeley CA: Russell Publications, 1993) Canadian Journal of Law and Society 11:1 (Spring 1996) 277-80.

Jennie Abell and Elizabeth Sheehy Criminal Law & Procedure: Cases, Context, Critique (Ottawa: Captus Press, 1993) Canadian Journal of Law and Society 10:1 (Spring 1995) 213-16.

"Agnes Macphail and Feminism", a review of Terry Crowley Agnes Macphail and the Politics of Equality, Canadian Journal of Law and Society 7:1 (1992) 143-52.

Donald H. Akenson At Face Value: The Life and Times of Eliza McCormack/John White, Queen's Law Journal 16:2 (1990) 313-20.

Louis Knafla, Law and Justice in a New Land, Ontario History LXXIX:4 (December 1987) 389-391.

"Review Essay: Marriage, Women, and Property: A Legal History of Enforced Dependence", review of Marylynn Salmon, Women and the Law of Property in Early America American Bar Foundation Research Journal (Spring-Summer 1987) 591-600.

Michael Grossberg, Governing the Hearth: Law and the Family in Nineteenth-Century America, Atlantis 11:2 (Spring 1986) 200-202.

Kathleen Barry et al., International Feminism: Networking Against Female Sexual Slavery, Atlantis 11:2 (Spring 1986) 208-11.

Paul Weiler, Reconcilable Differences: New Direction in Canadian Labour Law University of Western Ontario Law Review 19 (1981) 343-348.